Serving Arizona & New Mexico

Understanding PAD: A Comprehensive Guide


Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is a common but often underestimated vascular condition that affects millions of Americans. At Sonoran Vein & Endovascular, we believe in providing insightful information to help our community understand the significance of PAD and the advanced solutions available through our expert Arizona endovascular surgeons. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the key aspects of PAD, its symptoms, risk factors, and how our team at Sonoran Vein & Endovascular can assist you in managing and treating this condition.

What is PAD?

Peripheral Arterial Disease, commonly referred to as PAD, is a vascular disorder that occurs when there is a buildup of plaque in the arteries that supply blood to the extremities, usually the legs. This plaque is primarily composed of cholesterol, calcium, and fibrous tissue, leading to the narrowing or blockage of the arteries. Reduced blood flow to the legs and feet can result in various symptoms and, if left untreated, may lead to severe complications.

Recognizing the Symptoms

Understanding the symptoms of PAD is crucial for early detection and intervention. Some common signs include:

Leg Pain or Discomfort

Patients with PAD often experience pain, cramping, or fatigue in the legs during physical activity, which is known as claudication. This discomfort typically subsides with rest.

Numbness or Weakness

Reduced blood flow can cause numbness or weakness in the legs, making it challenging to walk or perform daily activities.

Skin Changes

PAD may cause skin discoloration or sores on the legs and feet. Wounds may take longer to heal, increasing the risk of infections.

Coldness in Extremities

Poor circulation can lead to a persistent feeling of coldness in the legs and feet, even in warm weather.

If you or a loved one is experiencing these symptoms, it’s essential to seek prompt medical attention. Our skilled endovascular surgeons at Sonoran Vein & Endovascular specialize in diagnosing and treating PAD with cutting-edge techniques.

Risk Factors for PAD

Certain factors can increase the likelihood of developing PAD. These include:


Tobacco use is a significant risk factor for PAD. Smoking damages the arteries and accelerates the formation of plaque.


People with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing vascular issues, including PAD. Elevated blood sugar levels can contribute to artery damage.


High blood pressure puts extra stress on the arterial walls, increasing the risk of plaque buildup and arterial narrowing.

Age and Family History

PAD is more common in individuals over the age of 50, and a family history of vascular diseases can also elevate the risk.

At Sonoran Vein & Endovascular, we emphasize the importance of lifestyle modifications and regular screenings to manage these risk factors and prevent the onset or progression of PAD.

Advanced Solutions at Sonoran Vein & Endovascular

Our team of skilled and experienced endovascular surgeons at Sonoran Vein & Endovascular is dedicated to providing state-of-the-art solutions for PAD. We specialize in minimally invasive procedures that offer significant benefits, including faster recovery times and reduced risks compared to traditional open surgeries.

Angioplasty and Stenting

Angioplasty involves inflating a balloon within the narrowed artery to widen it, and a stent may be placed to keep the artery open, restoring normal blood flow.

Laser Atherectomy

Laser Atherectomy is a highly advanced and effective procedure used to treat PAD by precisely removing the plaque that causes arterial blockages. This innovative technique involves using laser energy to vaporize or break down the plaque, restoring the natural flow of blood through the affected artery.

Peripheral Bypass Surgery

In cases where more extensive intervention is necessary, peripheral bypass surgery may be recommended to reroute blood flow around the blocked artery.

Our commitment to utilizing the latest advancements in endovascular treatments ensures that our patients receive the most effective and least invasive options for managing PAD.


Peripheral Arterial Disease is a significant vascular condition that requires timely diagnosis and intervention. At Sonoran Vein & Endovascular, we prioritize the well-being of our patients by offering comprehensive care and cutting-edge treatments for PAD. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of PAD or has risk factors for vascular disease, don’t hesitate to contact our team of dedicated endovascular surgeons. Contact Sonoran Vein & Endovascular today for expert guidance, personalized care, and innovative solutions to reclaim a healthier, more active lifestyle.

Related Posts

Skip to content