Mesenteric Artery Disease

Mesenteric Artery Disease

Mesenteric Artery Disease also known as mesenteric artery stenosis or ischemia is the narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the intestines. In most cases this is caused from atherosclerosis which is the buildup of plaque or cholesterol deposits inside the vessel wall similar to blockages that cause heart attack and stroke.  Risk factors include patients with previous history of atherosclerosis, smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol. This condition can become acute when there is a blood clot or thrombosis in the mesenteric artery. This typically occurs in patients that have a history of heart arrhythmias or atrial fibrillation.

Stenosis of the mesenteric arteries can result in weight loss and abdominal pain after eating. Asymptomatic patients may benefit from life style modifications including smoking cessation, diet, exercise, and management of blood pressure and cholesterol. Diagnostic ultrasound testing can identify patients at risk; however, Angiography which is the injection of radiopaque dye into the vessel is the preferred method of diagnosis. If not treated promptly, Acute Mesenteric Ischemia can become a medical emergency.

Here at Sonoran Vein and Endovascular we evaluate, diagnose, and treat patients with Mesenteric Artery Disease. Led by Dr. Sean B. D’Souza, one of phoenix Top vascular and endovascular surgeons’ diagnoses and treatment can be performed in our comprehensive facility. With two convenient locations in Peoria and Scottsdale we provide care to residents all over the Phoenix valley including; Glendale, Sun City, Scottsdale, Paradise Valley, Tempe, Mesa and Chandler.

No matter what your vascular concerns may be, here at Sonoran Vein and Endovascular we can ensure you that you are being provided with the best care possible and being treated by one of the top vascular surgeons in Phoenix. Whether you are experiencing pain that is concerning you, or have already received a diagnosis and are now looking for the best treatment options, we are here for you. If you have any questions or would like to schedule your initial consultation please feel free to contact either of our Phoenix locations.

 

Symptoms: (Chronic)

  • Abdominal pain after eating
  • Diarrhea

Symptoms: (Acute)

  • Diarrhea and Vomiting
  • Sudden severe abdominal pain

Diagnosis:

  • Ultrasound
  • Angiogram- Injecting special dye into your arteries and obtaining X-ray to show blockages.

Angioplasty and Stenting

Acute Mesenteric Ischemia is a medical emergency. If a blood clot is present, special intravenous medications called Thrombolytics will need to be given to dissolve the clot and dilate the mesenteric arteries. Surgery to bypass the clot may be needed. Both require hospitalization with extensive monitoring.

Chronic Mesenteric Insufficiency can safely be treated as an outpatient procedure using a minimally invasive technique to remove the atherosclerosis by angioplasty or stenting. Both Angioplasty and Stenting are done by inserting a small catheter into the narrowed area and cleaning out the plaques or employing a stent to open up the artery.